The State Investigation and Protection Agency (SIPA) was established in 2002 upon the adoption of the Law on the Agency for Information and Protection, which defines the Agency as an independent institution of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) in charge of collection and processing of information of interest for implementation of international laws and B&H Criminal Codes, as well as for protection of VIPs, diplomatic and consular missions and government institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In June 2004, after the adoption of the Law on the State Investigation and Protection Agency, the Information and Protection Agency was transformed into the State Investigation and Protection Agency, becoming the first police agency with full police authorizations and competences across the entire B&H territory. This Law defines SIPA as an operatively independent administrative organization within the Ministry of Security of B&H whose competencies include prevention, detection, and investigation of criminal offences falling within jurisdiction of the Court of B&H, physical and technical protection of VIPs and buildings, protection of endangered and threatened witnesses as well as other duties falling within its competencies as prescribed by the Law. SIPA’s actions on apprehension of persons suspected of committing war crimes, successful investigations of criminal offences of money laundering, organized crime, terrorism, trafficking in human beings, and other criminal offences, as well as providing witness support and protection, successful performance of duties and tasks related to protection of VIPs and buildings, establishment of the Special Support Unit, are only some of the facts confirming SIPA’s achievements to date. Since crime, particularly the organized crime, has assumed an international character, the State Investigation and Protection Agency carries out coordinated efforts in cooperation with domestic and international law enforcement agencies with a view to make combating crime more efficient and increase global security.